The First Hundred Years of the French Bulldog: A Historical Retract.  

Despite its name, French Bulldogs originated in 19th-century England. Midlands lace workers migrated to France and brought small bulldogs to England during the Industrial Revolution.

Miniaturization: Bulldogs were mated with French terriers and pugs to generate tiny dogs with bat-like ears and powerful bodies. To selectively breed a companion dog for city life, especially Paris.  

In Paris, artists, authors, and bourgeoisie wanted French Bulldogs. Unique and interesting pets and status symbols were favored.

Bohemian art, sculpture, and advertising featured French Bulldogs. Toulouse-Lautrec and Colette loved them, confirming their art association.  

Americanization: The French Bulldog became popular in America, notably in New York City, in the late 19th century. Celebrities and wealthy socialites enjoyed their charm and apartment-living adaptability.  

AKC recognized the breed in 1898. Breed standards specified the French Bulldog's temperament, physical features, and ideal conformation for show to maintain uniformity in breeding.  

As companions, French Bulldogs were affectionate, loyal, and entertaining. City inhabitants and those with limited mobility or space loved their liveliness and low workout needs.

Even though French Bulldogs are beloved, their brachycephalic (short-nosed) shape causes respiratory, heat intolerance, and temperature regulation concerns. Breed health depends on ethical breeding and health awareness.  

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